- Britain offers millions of Hong Kong citizens the right to move to Britain.
- Three million Hong Kong citizens with British visa law are offered the route to British citizenship along with their family members.
- Prime Minister Boris Johnson announced the move in retaliation for China's adoption of a new national security law in the country.
- Johnson said the law violated the Sino-British joint statement.
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Boris Johnson has given three million Hong Kong citizens the opportunity to live and work in Britain after China has opposed the global opposition to impose a new national security law on the region.
The British Prime Minister told the House of Commons on Wednesday that he would continue the move after China imposed new security laws on the semi-autonomous region on Tuesday.
The laws, which Britain, the European Union and the United States reject, are designed to curb protests against the government in the region. Hong Kong police conducted Almost 200 arrested on Wednesday.
Johnson said the introduction of the law violated the Sino-British joint declaration signed by the UK and China in 1984.
In retaliation, the UK government has granted Hong Kong citizens who are eligible to apply for a UK overseas passport and their families – around 3 million people – a restricted right of residence for 5 years.
Arrivals can apply for UK status for a further 12 months after their first 5 year stay. Afterwards, they can obtain full British citizenship.
Johnson said today to MPs: "The adoption and enforcement of this national security law is a clear and serious violation of the Sino-British joint statement.
"It violates the high level of autonomy in Hong Kong and is in direct conflict with the Hong Kong constitution.
"The law also threatens the freedoms and rights protected by the joint declaration."
He added: "We have made it clear that if China continues on this path, we would introduce a new route for those with British status overseas to enter the UK and give them a limited right to live in the UK and beyond and work to apply for citizenship – and that's exactly what we're going to do now. "
The UK public broadly supports the move to welcome Hong Kong citizens with a margin of 61% to 11%. According to a Populus poll released this week by the China Research Group of Conservative Members of Parliament.